Henry Harrison, the Liseberg Silhouettist

BURIED IN MY COLLECTION are a number of silhouettes by Henry Harrison (or Henri, as he called himself when working in France).

European Artist from the early Twentieth Century

They date from 1906 to 1910 and show me that he worked in Roubaix, France; Brussels, Belgium and in Scheveningen, Holland. Henry Harrison was clearly an itinerant artist so quite possibly worked in other parts of northern Europe too.

Two silhouettes of women wearing hats, one with the caption 'Groten uit Scheveningen'
Two labelled silhouettes by Henry Harrison

Like many silhouettists of his generation its hard to find more. Chat GPT said it thought he was born in England (he certainly has an English-sounding name) but didn’t tell me how it knew that, or provide dates of his birth or death. I’ve no idea if he ever cut a silhouette in England!

Two postcard backs, once French and the other Dutch, used to mount silhouettes in the 1900s.
Printed labels on the reverse of two silhouettes cut by Harrison in 1910 and 1906

What happened to Henry Harrison during the Great War?

Sadly, it’s a common story. I’ve collected work by a number of silhouettists who were cutting portraits in the 1900s and 1910s, but who seem to vanish after the First World War. It could be that they found another career and simply gave up cutting silhouettes. But, as artists from this period were predominantly young men, it’s hard not to speculate that they were called up to fight and did not survive the war.

Blue gates, closed, with the word 'Liseberg' at the top.
The gate at the Liseberg resort, recently celebrating its 100th anniversary

For this reason it came as a pleasant surprise when I received an enquiry to cut silhouettes at the 100th anniversary party of the Liseberg resort in Gotenberg, Sweden this month. The client was planning a day of activities culminating in a gala dinner for all employees (some 500 of them) and was keen to book a silhouette artist for the occasion. The reason, as he explained to me, was that when the park opened in 1923 there was a silhouette artist called Henry Harrison working there.

Charles in his long red jacket cutting a silhouette of a young lady. The sign above reads '1923'
Cutting silhouettes of Liseberg staff under the 1923 centenary sign

I was happy to learn that Harrison not only survived the war, but had continued to make silhouettes long after it. Apparently there was a silhouettist working at the park right up until the 1950s or early 60s.

Following in Henry Harrison’s footsteps

After some discussion, the client booked both Michael Herbert and I to attend the event. I had advised him that with 500 guests he should consider booking at least two artists. I took with me my small collection of Henry Harrison silhouettes to show to the client and anybody else who might be interested.

It was a long day. The event kicked off with a presentation about the history of Liseberg. It was mostly in Swedish but including a short Q&A about silhouettes and Henry Harrison which I took part in: short, because there really is very little known about him!

Michael in his grey-check suit cutting a silhouette with a small crowd on onlookers behind
Michael Herbert cutting silhouettes of Liseberg staff during a 100-year treasure hunt
Pink and white buildings at Liseberg under a dark blue sky
The spot at Liseberg where Harrison once had his silhouette stall

In preparation for this, the park’s historian had managed to find in their archives an old photograph of Harrison at work in his Liseberg silhouette booth. It shows a confident young man wearing a fashionable trilby hat and cutting a silhouette of a small child standing on a wooden chair. This stand-’em-on-a-chair trick is one I still use today on occasion. Even the most wriggly of small children will pose completely still when stood on a chair, I’m not quite sure why. Happily, he’s using a suitably sturdy-looking chair!

Colourised archive photo from the 1920s showing silhouettist Henry Harrison at work in his Liseberg studio (©Liseberg archives)

Where are Henry Harrison’s Liseberg-branded silhouettes?

In many years of collecting I’ve never seen a Harrison silhouette mounted on a Liseberg-branded card. It’s possible they’re all still hiding in drawers and mantlepieces all over Europe, but perhaps more likely that Harrison didn’t bother to label his silhouettes. Looking carefully at the photograph of him at work the silhouettes on the wall behind him appear to be all mounted on plain postcards.

Sadly, many artists of the day didn’t consider branding important. So, unlike silhouettes cut by his contemporary at Tivoli Gardens, it may never be possible to identify them. I do have a couple of unsigned and unlabelled silhouettes which I attribute to Harrison, based on stylistic similarities, but which cannot be identified with certainty.

If you happen to have a family silhouette cut by Henry Harrison please do send me a picture of it, particularly if you know it to have been made at Liseberg. From what I’ve seen Henry Harrison was a talented, yet largely unrecorded artist.

Henry Harrison
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Piers Fletcher
Piers Fletcher
1 year ago

This: http://www.profilesofthepast.org.uk/silhouette/oc00212srg seems to be a Henry/Henri Harrison from 1934.

Piers Fletcher
Piers Fletcher
1 year ago
Reply to  Charles Burns

D’oh! I should have worked that out …

Patricia M John
Patricia M John
1 year ago

What a wonderful discovery and experience going to Sweden to do silhouettes in a place with so much history. I love the article about Harrison.

Hans Ramsteiner
Hans Ramsteiner
1 year ago

Dear Charles,
H. Harrison looks very young here in Liseberg 1923, how old might he have been in Scheveningen 1906? Unfortunately, he seems to have printed cards with his name only in Scheveningen and in Brussels in 1910. There is another stamp from him with the following content: “Passage-Kaufhaus – Silhouetten-Atelier – Henry Harrison, Dipl. Silhouettiste” Undated and without a place name, it is probably a Berlin department stores’ that existed between 1909 and 1914. Other portrait cards that I would like to attribute to H. Harrison were made in 1908 and 1911 at the “Leipzig Fair” and after 1914 in Zurich. He did not cut an eyelash and typical is the cut at the shoulder, a quarter bend inwards. It is a pity that H. Harrison has so rarely designated his portraits, it would have been interesting to follow his travelling activities.

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